Understanding the hepatitis disease

Testing for fibrosis Your doctor will determine whether your liver should be tested for fibrosis. Fibrosis is the first stage of liver scarring. The gold standard for testing for fibrosis is a liver biopsy.

Understanding the hepatitis disease

Why do some people become addicted to drugs while others don't?

With new hepatitis C drugs, the disease is curable in 90% or more of cases. By the time the disease reaches end stage, it can’t be reversed. . In his book "Winning the Hepatitis C Battle" author Shekhar Challa, M.D. provides a comprehensive, authoritative overview of the disease. Dr. Challa discusses the diagnosis of the disease, treatment options, potential complications, and even herbs and other alternative treatments/5(7). Most adults with hepatitis B get better, but a small percentage can't shake the disease and become carriers, which means they can spread it to others even when their own symptoms disappear. Hepatitis C. You get this type if you have contact with contaminated blood or needles used to inject illegal drugs or draw tattoos. Sometimes you don't get .

No one factor can predict if a person will become addicted to drugs. A combination of factors influences risk for addiction. The more risk factors a person has, the greater the chance that taking drugs can lead to addiction.

The genes that people are born with account for about half of a Understanding the hepatitis disease risk for addiction.

About hepatitis

Gender, ethnicity, and the presence of other mental disorders may also influence risk for drug use and addiction. Although taking drugs at any age can lead to addiction, the earlier that drug use begins, the more likely it will progress to addiction.

This is particularly problematic for teens. Because areas in their brains that control decision-making, judgment, and self-control are still developing, teens may be especially prone to risky behaviors, including trying drugs.

Can drug addiction be cured or prevented?

Understanding the hepatitis disease

However, addiction is treatable and can be successfully managed. People who are recovering from an addiction will be at risk for relapse for years and possibly for their whole lives. Research shows that combining addiction treatment medicines with behavioral therapy ensures the best chance of success for most patients.

Results from NIDA-funded research have shown that prevention programs involving families, schools, communities, and the media are effective for preventing or reducing drug use and addiction. Although personal events and cultural factors affect drug use trends, when young people view drug use as harmful, they tend to decrease their drug taking.

Therefore, education and outreach are key in helping people understand the possible risks of drug use. Teachers, parents, and health care providers have crucial roles in educating young people and preventing drug use and addiction.

Points to Remember Drug addiction is a chronic disease characterized by drug seeking and use that is compulsive, or difficult to control, despite harmful consequences.

This is why drug addiction is also a relapsing disease. Relapse is the return to drug use after an attempt to stop. Relapse indicates the need for more or different treatment. Most drugs affect the brain's reward circuit by flooding it with the chemical messenger dopamine.

Surges of dopamine in the reward circuit cause the reinforcement of pleasurable but unhealthy activities, leading people to repeat the behavior again and again. Over time, the brain adjusts to the excess dopamine, which reduces the high that the person feels compared to the high they felt when first taking the drug—an effect known as tolerance.

They might take more of the drug, trying to achieve the same dopamine high. No single factor can predict whether a person will become addicted to drugs. A combination of genetic, environmental, and developmental factors influences risk for addiction.

Drug addiction is treatable and can be successfully managed. More good news is that drug use and addiction are preventable.Understanding Hepatitis - What is viral hepatitis?Viral hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver caused by one of several viruses: hepatitis A, B, C (formerly known as non-A, non-B), D, E and G.

Things other than viruses can also cause hepatitis or inflammation of the liver. To get a better understanding of how many people this represents, I thought it would be useful to compare the number of people living with chronic viral hepatitis nationwide to the total number of people living in Washington, D.C., and other places.

Symptoms of all types of viral hepatitis are similar and can include one or more of the following: • Persons with chronic liver disease, including HCV-infected persons with chronic liver disease • Persons with HIV infection • Persons with end-stage renal disease. Hepatitis C is a viral infection that can cause liver disease and inflammation (swelling and scarring) of the liver.

There are several types of hepatitis. The most common are hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C. Viral hepatitis refers to hepatitis caused by a few specific viruses that primarily attack the liver. Hepatitis symptoms include loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, fever, weakness, tiredness, and abdominal pain.

Learn about different types and treatments. The esophagus is the muscular tube that carries food and liquids from your mouth to the stomach.

You may not be aware of your esophagus until you swallow something too large, too hot, or too cold.

DrugFacts: Understanding Drug Use and Addiction | National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)