Good and Evil, Good and Bad 1 These English psychologists whom we have to thank for the only attempts up to this point to produce a history of the origins of morality—in themselves they serve up to us no small riddle. In the way of a lively riddle, they even offer, I confess, something substantially more than their books—they are interesting in themselves! These English psychologists—what do they really want? We find them, willingly or unwillingly, always at the same work, that is, hauling the partie honteuse [shameful part] of our inner world into the foreground, in order to look right there for the truly effective and operative force which has determined our development, the very place where man's intellectual pride least wishes to find it for example, in the vis inertiae [force of inertia] of habit or in forgetfulness or in a blind, contingent, mechanical joining of ideas or in something else purely passive, automatic, reflex, molecular, and completely stupid —what is it that really drives these psychologists always in this particular direction?
First Essay, Sections Summary Nietzsche opens by expressing dissatisfaction with the English psychologists who have tried to explain the origin of morality.
They claim to be historians of morality, but they completely lack a historical spirit. Their theories suggest that, originally, people benefiting from the unegoistic actions of others would applaud those actions and call them "good. Over time, these genealogists suggest, we forgot this original association, and the habit of calling unegoistic actions "good" led us to conclude that they were somehow good in and of themselves.
Nietzsche disagrees with this account, suggesting that those to whom "goodness" was shown did not define "good. They came to see themselves as good when they came to see the contrast between themselves and those who were below them: Their position of power included the power over words, the power to decide what would be called "good" and what "bad.
Nietzsche also remarks on how "dark" and "black" are used as negative terms, presumably because of the dark-haired peoples of Europe who were overrun by blonde, Aryan conquerors.
He notes the association of "good" with "war" and "warlike.
Here, "pure" and "impure" become opposites associated with "good" and "bad. With these priests, everything becomes more dangerous: But Nietzsche also remarks that only with the priests do human beings become interesting.
With the priests, the human soul first gains those attributes that set it apart from animals: Though the priestly mode of evaluation springs from the knightly-aristocratic mode, it becomes its opposite, and its most hated enemy.
Because the priests are impotent, they learn to hate, and their hate becomes more powerful than any of the warlike virtues lauded by the nobles. Nietzsche identifies the Jews as the finest example of the priestly caste, the most refined haters in human history.
The Jews managed to effect a complete reversal in moral valuations, associating themselves, the poor, the wretched, the meek, with "good," and the lustful, powerful, and noble as "evil," damned for all eternity.Nietzsche's Genealogy of Morals Here, Nietzsche uses the term "genealogy" in its fundamental sense: an account (logos) of the genesis of a thing.
He is going to offer a theory of the genesis of Christian morality, which he believes is also democratic morality. Nietzsche genealogy of morals first essay summary of globalization. by on November 21, with No Comments.
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5 stars based on reviews. On The Genealogy of Morals is made up of three essays, all of which question and critique the value of our moral judgments based on a genealogical method whereby Nietzsche examines the origins and meanings of our different moral concepts.
Mar 07, · “First Essay: ‘Good and Bad,’ ‘Good and Evil'” in On the Genealogy of Morals. Posted by christophermwhalin on March 7, The following entry is a summary that was given by Mary Salvaggio during a graduate pro-seminar session at Columbia University on March 5, Mar 26, · This is a short summary of Friedrich Nietzsche's first essay on the Genealogy of Morality.
A summary of the Preface to and the First Essay of Friedrich Nietzsche's "On the Genealogy of Morals".