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Later, Mitsuyo Maeda was one of five of the Kodokan's top groundwork newaza experts that judo's founder Kano Jigoro sent overseas to demonstrate and spread his art to the world. Maeda had trained first in sumo as a teenager, and after the interest generated by stories about the success of Kodokan Judo at contests with other jujutsu schools that were occurring at the time, became a student of Jigoro Kano.
Maeda accepted Carlos as a student and Carlos learned for a few years, eventually passing his knowledge on to his brothers. When Maeda left Japan, judo was still often referred to as "Kano jiu-jitsu",  or, even more generically, simply as jiu-jitsu. Some confusion has arisen over the employment of the term 'jiudo'.
To make the matter clear I will state that jiudo is the term selected by Professor Kano as describing his system more accurately than jiu-jitsu does. Professor Kano is one of the leading educators of Japan, and it is natural that he should cast about for the technical word that would most accurately describe his system.
But the Japanese people generally still cling to the more popular nomenclature and call it jiu-jitsu. Jiu jitsu, when Maeda and Satake arrived in Brazil inevery newspaper announced their art as being "jiu-jitsu" despite both men being Kodokan judoka. When the Gracies went to the United States to spread their art, they used the terms "Brazilian jiu-jitsu" and "Gracie Jiu-Jitsu" to differentiate from the already present styles using similar-sounding names.
The art is sometimes referred to as Gracie Jiu-Jitsu Jiu jitsuthis name was trademarked by Rorion Graciebut after a legal dispute with his cousin Carley Graciehis trademark to the name was voided.
While each style and its instructors have their own unique aspects, they are all basic variations of Brazilian jiu-jitsu. Today there are four major branches of BJJ from Brazil: The vast similarity to the original Kodokan Judo  widely practiced before Judo became part of the Olympics, and still practiced in lesser extent    as well as some similarity to earlier ryu schools Ju-Jitsu coupled with evidence that the Brazilians didn't actually create any fundamental innovations in the art      has led some practitioners to suggest that Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu should actually be simply called Jiu-Jitsu  or even Kosen Judo.
Some rule changes were sought to enhance it as a spectator sport, and some for improved safety. Several of these rule changes have greatly de-emphasised the groundwork aspects of judo, and others have reduced the range of joint locks allowed and when they can be applied.
Other factors that have contributed towards the stylistic divergence of BJJ from sport judo include the Gracies' desire to create a national martial art, the influence of Brazilian cultureand the Gracies' emphasis on full-contact fighting.
Spinal locks and cervical locks are completely forbidden from Gi Jiu Jitsu,  amateur MMA,  multiple forms of no Gi Jiu Jitsu,  Judo,  and other martial arts,  due to potential to cause serious bodily injury.
BJJ permits all the techniques that judo allows for the fighters to take the fight to the ground. These include judo's scoring throws as well as judo's non-scoring techniques that it refers to as "skillful takedowns" such as the flying armbar.
BJJ also allows any and all takedowns from wrestling, sambo, or any other grappling arts including direct attempts to take down by touching the legs. BJJ also differs from judo in that it also allows a competitor to drag his opponent to the ground, and even to drop to the ground himself provided he has first taken a grip.
BJJ has also become more sports oriented and has eliminated techniques such as picking up an opponent from the guard and slamming him. It has since become a staple art for many MMA fighters and is largely credited for bringing widespread attention to the importance of ground fighting.
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January See also: List of Brazilian jiu-jitsu techniques Upholding the premise that most of the advantage of a larger, stronger opponent comes from superior reach and more powerful strikes, both of which are mitigated when grappling on the ground, Brazilian jiu-jitsu emphasizes getting an opponent to the ground in order to use ground fighting techniques and submission holds involving joint-locks and chokeholds.
A more precise way of describing this would be to say that on the ground, physical strength can be offset or enhanced by an experienced grappler who knows how to maximize force using mechanical advantage instead of pure physical strength.UFC welterweight champion Tyron Woodley scored the newest belt in his growing collection tonight, submitting opponent Darren Till in what became his final performance.
Gracie Jiu Jitsu is a proven, effective form of self defence. The same techniques you will learn that are taught to the U.S. Army, FBI, Secret Service and many other elite military and law enforcement agencies around the world.
The North American Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Federation offers tournaments for Gi and No-Gi. Join now for the latest news, updates, and more. Pittsburgh's best for authentic fighting arts including Renzo Gracie Jiu Jitsu, Muay Thai Kickboxing, BJJ for kids, Gym, MMA, and self-defense.
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