For the purpose of this assignment I intend to discuss in great detail social policy and how it is applied in practice, using examples from mainly voluntary sectors. We will write a custom essay sample on Social Policy or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not Waste HIRE WRITER Social Policy is a study of the social services and the welfare state, the welfare state being anything that helps people get back on their feet after hardship, this is not always in regards to money it can sometimes relate to resources. Social Policy it looks at socially constructed issues such as divorce, unemployment, crime and it aims to improve them by making positive changes. Social policy also looks at vulnerable people in society such as single parents, elderly people, disabled people and looks at ways in which they can be supported.
Justice, and Rural affairs and the environment The civil service - also, confusingly, known as the Scottish Government - has been reorganised into "directorates" which do not correspond closely to these briefs.
Despite the nominal division of labour, policy in Scotland is still strongly influenced by Westminster. Economic development is the responsibility of the Scottish government, but individualised employability provisions currently being introduced by the Department for Work and Pensions have been done without engaging the Scottish Government.
Although education has been independent throughout the history of the Union, Scotland now has a national curriculum directly comparable to the English system. In many instances, such as the introduction of civil partnerships, the Scottish Parliament has referred decisions to Westminster to legislate under the provisions of the "Sewel convention".
Local government Local government grew, in England and Wales, from the administration of the Poor Laws. When local services for health, social assistance and education were established during the 19th century, someone had to be responsible for their delivery; the powers were given to the Poor Law guardians, and subsequently this became the core of a reformed local government system.
In Scotland, the local administration was more developed, being based on the police burghs, but many of the reforms in the 19th and 20th centuries were driven by English approaches. Local government lost many of its powers after the war - including responsibility for health, social security and public utilities - and has progressively declined in influence since.
The structure of local government was reformed in the s, to form two main tiers county and district in most of Britain; in local government was focused in a single administrative tier, though some two-tier authorities have been retained.
The UK has a highly centralised system of government, and the powers of local government are very limited. Central government exercises considerable controls over local action: Recently both England and Scotland have introduced a general power for local authorities to further the welfare of the population, but this is a new provision and it has not yet led to radical change.
Despite the existence of a "council tax", local government has very limited discretion in its ability to raise money, and it is not permitted to exceed central government limits.
Loans cannot be taken without express sanction. Central governments can make the availability of grants conditional on compliance with their policy. The main power local government has is one of conservative resistance, usually in the form of a failure to put central government policies immediately into effect.
The Poor Law British social policy was dominated by the Poor Laws, first passed in and continuing till The parish was the basic unit of administration. Men in the St Marylebone workhouse, c. Image in the public domain The changes of the industrial revolution led to the development of the towns, rapid population growth, and the first experience of modern unemployment and the trade cycle.
All this caused increasing poor rates. The Poor Law Commission of emphasised two principles: The Poor Laws were much hated, and much of the development of social services in the 20th century - including national insurance, means tests and health care - were framed to avoid having to rely on them.
The report became a major propaganda weapon, with both major parties committed to its introduction. During the war, the coalition government also committed itself to full employment through Keynesian policiesfree universal secondary education, and the introduction of family allowances.
The Labour Government was elected inand introduced three key acts: These Acts were timed to come into force on the same day, 7th June The Children Act was another important element.
The key elements of the "Welfare State" were understood as being.Social Policy is a study of the social services and the welfare state, the welfare state being anything that helps people get back on their feet after hardship, this is not always in regards to money it can sometimes relate to resources.
The administration of welfare in the UK. The administration of the welfare state has undergone two major reforms since its inception. The first phase, covering the s and s, saw central government reformed in order to allow the planning and control of public expenditure by the Treasury.
Understanding the Legislation, Regulations and Policies that underpin the protection of Vulnerable Adults. Analyse the differences between the concept of safeguarding and the concept of protection in relation to vulnerable adults. Jul 03, · of the pluralistic process in making of social policy.
The essay is divided into four main sections. It will first define the key terms as: social policy, pluralism, welfare; and describe the role of the social policy, pluralism, but also to make connection between this terms and their ideology. Social welfare policy is a required foundation area of study in the accredited social-work programs of the Council on Social Work Education (CSWE).
The study of social welfare is not a recent innovation; its antecedents can be traced to the late s and early s. Published: Mon, 5 Dec Social policy is a governments application for welfare development and social protection carried out in the community.
The Margret Thatcher’s conservative administration and Tony Blair’s labor administration had different approaches towards the issue of community mental health care policy.