According to Dr Eugene Brink, senior researcher at the Solidarity Research Institute, the findings in the report, although shocking, are merely a drop in the ocean.
Share via Email This article is over 4 years old Jacob Zuma's aides said they 'cannot comment on a report that his not been handed to us'.
Opposition parties said that, if the findings are upheld in the final report, the president should face a parliamentary investigation with the potential to lead to his impeachment.
The cost soared in the intervening years to m rand, with a further 31m rand in works outstanding, triggering intense media scrutiny and public condemnation, as well as an investigation by official public protector Thuli Madonsela. The acrimony over "Nkandlagate" has intensified in recent weeks as ministers went to court in an attempt to block the release of her report, while newspapers published photos of the home in defiance of a government warning that this might break security laws.
Villagers' huts in front of security fencing surrounding Jacob Zuma's Nkandla home. The paper published details of Madonsela's provisional report, saying she found that Zuma had derived "substantial" personal gain from the security upgrade at "enormous cost" to the taxpayer, and that he must repay the state.
Officials have repeatedly sought to justify the millions spent on Nkandla, insisting it was essential to provide Zuma with security befitting a head of state. But according to Madonsela, the improvements included a visitors' centre, amphitheatre, cattle enclosure, marquee area, extensive paving, new houses for relocated relatives and a swimming pool - referred to in official documents as a "fire pool" on the pretext it could double up as a water reservoir for firefighting purposes.
In what "may be Zuma's greatest embarrassment since taking office", the paper added, Madonsela recommends that parliament call him to account for violating the executive ethics code on two counts: Zuma told parliament a year ago: This led to an "uncontrolled creep" of the project and eightfold increase in the cost, with elements such as an underground bunker going way over budget.
The m rand spent on Zuma's home is in stark contrast to state money spent on improving the security of previous presidents, the Mail and Guardian said. The opposition Democratic Alliance said the provisional findings contained in the report "are so damning that, if accurate, they would warrant the most severe sanction of president Jacob Zuma's conduct ".
Lindiwe Mazibuko, its parliamentary leader, said she would consider tabling a parliamentary motion to investigate Zuma. More than corruption, fraud, money-laundering and racketeering charges against him were dropped shortly before his election in The following year he fathered a child out of wedlock.
But the Nkandlagate saga has particular resonance in a nation whose elite are often accused of betraying the principles of the liberation struggle and showing disregard for the poor. It could also define his presidency just six months before a national election.
Justice Malala, a political commentator, said: Every single politician in the opposition will grab the microphone to say 'Nkandla' and that will say it all. It's going to be a big liability for the ANC and it will run and run. She is yet to give the interested and affected parties, including Zuma, a right to reply, which may affect her final findings.
Jackson Mthembu, national spokesman for the ANC, urged South Africans to show restraint until the final report is publishedadding: I think this is on the edge of undermining the justice system.Advice on procurement fraud; Why mining matters.
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In South Africa, sentencing is considered the primary prerogative of trial courts and they enjoy wide discretion to determine the type and severity of a sentence on a case-by-case basis. Opposition parties have accused President Jacob Zuma of being at the centre of one of the biggest corruption scandals in democratic South Africa, after reports that millions of rand of taxpayers.
1 This guide is based on the ﬁ rst edition of Fraud Risk Management: A Guide to Good Practice. The ﬁ rst edition was prepared by a Fraud and Risk Management Working Group, which was established to look at ways of helping.