Erikson was a psychoanalyst and also a humanitarian. Fans of Freud will find the influence useful. Aside from Freudian psychoanalysis, Erikson developed his theory mainly from his extensive practical field research, initially with Native American communities, and then also from his clinical therapy work attached to leading mental health centres and universities. Both Erikson and his wife Joan, who collaborated as psychoanalysts and writers, were passionately interested in childhood development, and its effects on adult society.
Birth Months Old Basic Trust vs. The child will develop optimism, trust, confidence, and security if properly cared for and handled. If a child does not experience trust, he or she may develop insecurity, worthlessness, and general mistrust to the world.
Shame — Will The second stage occurs between 18 months and 3 years. At this point, the child has an opportunity to build self-esteem and autonomy as he or she learns new skills and right from wrong. The well-cared for child is sure of himself, carrying himself or herself with pride rather than shame.
Children tend to be vulnerable during this stage, sometimes feeling shame and and low self-esteem during an inability to learn certain skills. Guilt — Purpose During this period we experience a desire to copy the adults around us and take initiative in creating play situations.
The most significant relationship is with the basic family. Inferiority — Competence During this stage, often called the Latency, we are capable of learning, creating and accomplishing numerous new skills and knowledge, thus developing a sense of industry.
This is also a very social stage of development and if we experience unresolved feelings of inadequacy and inferiority among our peers, we can have serious problems in terms of competence and self-esteem.
As the world expands a bit, our most significant relationship is with the school and neighborhood. Parents are no longer the complete authorities they once were, although they are still important.
Role Confusion — Fidelity Up until this fifth stage, development depends on what is done to a person. At this point, development now depends primarily upon what a person does.
Some attempt to delay entrance to adulthood and withdraw from responsibilities moratorium. Those unsuccessful with this stage tend to experience role confusion and upheaval.
Adolescents begin to develop a strong affiliation and devotion to ideals, causes, and friends. Isolation — Love At the young adult stage, people tend to seek companionship and love. Young adults seek deep intimacy and satisfying relationships, but if unsuccessful, isolation may occur.
Significant relationships at this stage are with marital partners and friends. Self absorption or Stagnation — Care Career and work are the most important things at this stage, along with family. Middle adulthood is also the time when people can take on greater responsibilities and control.
Inactivity and meaninglessness are common fears during this stage. Major life shifts can occur during this stage. For example, children leave the household, careers can change, and so on.
Some may struggle with finding purpose. Significant relationships are those within the family, workplace, local church and other communities.
Despair — Wisdom Erikson believed that much of life is preparing for the middle adulthood stage and the last stage involves much reflection. As older adults, some can look back with a feeling of integrity — that is, contentment and fulfillment, having led a meaningful life and valuable contribution to society.In Freud's theory of development, the psychosexual stages describe the way in which the libido guides behavior and development over the course of childhood.
Erikson’s Psychosocial Stages Summary Chart. Stage Basic Conflict Important Events Key Questions to be answered Outcome Infancy (0 to 18 months). Erikson is a common Scandinavian patronymic surname meaning "son of Erik", itself an Old Norse given name. There are other spelling variations of this surname, as it is common amongst Danes, Swedes, Finns, Norwegians, and heartoftexashop.comn is uncommon as a given heartoftexashop.com with the surname include: Duke Erikson (born ), American musician with the band Garbage. Developmental psychologist Erik H. Erikson () was best known for his theory on social development of human beings, and for coining the phrase identity crisis.. The theory describes eight stages through which a healthily developing human should pass from infancy to late adulthood.
Erikson is a common Scandinavian patronymic surname meaning "son of Erik", itself an Old Norse given name. There are other spelling variations of this surname, as it is common amongst Danes, Swedes, Finns, Norwegians, and heartoftexashop.comn is uncommon as a given heartoftexashop.com with the surname include: Duke Erikson (born ), American musician with the band Garbage.
Erikson's stages of psychosocial development, as articulated in the second half of the 20th century by Erik Erikson in collaboration with Joan Erikson, is a comprehensive psychoanalytic theory that identifies a series of eight stages that a healthy developing individual should pass through from infancy to .
Developmental psychologist Erik H. Erikson () was best known for his theory on social development of human beings, and for coining the phrase identity crisis.. The theory describes eight stages through which a healthily developing human should pass from infancy to late adulthood.
Erikson's Psychosocial Theory of Human Development - Applied and Made Easy for Parents Erik Erikson ( ) was a German-born American psychoanalyst; he was known for his psychosocial theory of emotional development of human beings.
This theory looks at the impact of parents and society on personality development from childhood to adulthood. Erikson's theory suggests that the behavioral and psychological problems people face in their lives can be linked to the different stages of development.
This theory is a boon for psychologists to understand and help people who are facing certain troubles in their lives.