What Is Rational Organization Theory? The rational model says that businesses are structures designed to achieve specific goals in logical and predictable ways. Both logic and predictability refer to the decision-making process.
The how of public administration Introduction Our discussion about the what of public administration may have you wondering: How do public administrators carry out their responsibilities?
After all, administrators are constantly besieged by members of the legislature, members of other executive institutions, and private citizens who may place conflicting demands on them.
Thus they often have difficult decisions to make. In the following subsections we discuss several approaches administrators use to help them make decisions so they can carry out their responsibilities.
Political scholars use it to analyze the activities of government agencies and identify phenomena associated with large-scale complex organizations.
Characteristics of the Bureaucratic Model According to the bureaucratic model, several pivotal structural attributes characterize government agencies. First, there is a well-defined and integral chain of command that has each subordinate reporting to one superior. The number of subordinates is kept to a small number to enhance the unity of command.
Second, job function separates departments below the chief executive and by processes or tasks. This divides the workflow so that no employee or work unit handles a complete operation. Line positions refer to the positions in the departments.
Third, there is a system of procedures and rules for dealing with all contingencies. This reinforces the detachment of each work unit or person and thus supports the unity of command. Fourth, relations between organization members and between them and their clients are formal and impersonal.
Administrators deliver services without bias. Last, besides the line positions, staff positions exist to help the chief executive control the total system. Examples include internal auditors, budget experts, and functions not directly involved in the provision of agency services.
As such, staff positions are considered as advisory only and outside the chain of command that links management with line position departments. Advantages of the Bureaucratic Model There are several advantages to using a bureaucratic form of organization in the public sector.
The decisive reason for the advance of bureaucratic organizations is its structural superiority over any other form of organization. The bureaucratic organization provides enhanced precision, speed, effectiveness, and efficiency.
These advantages occur because administrative functions are specialized and workers operate according to clear rules. These advantages supposedly enhance the decision-making process because top-level administrators trained in the specifics of the organization make rational decisions.
In addition, administrators can enhance application and adherence to the rules because of a limited span of control and reduced hierarchical layering of functions.
Disadvantages of the Bureaucratic Model The bureaucratic model also has some inherent disadvantages.The Wrong Model. One disadvantage of mixing decision models is the risk of choosing the wrong model for making a particular decision.
For example, military leaders rely heavily on rational/logical. Disadvantages The rational decision making process requires careful consideration and deliberation of data; this takes time, making this method unsuitable for quick-decisions.
In the age of fast-paced changes, seizing the opportunity at the spur of the moment plays a big part in success, and the rational model does not live up to this task. In short, the rational model stresses the need to maximize utility, clearly define problems, weigh costs and benefits of decision options, select the best approach, and evaluate the decision.
As with any model, however, there are several criticisms of rational decision making. Although the phrase “rational organization theory” may lead some people to think in terms of organizational structure or design, the term actually refers to a decision-making framework.
The rational model says that businesses are structures designed to achieve specific goals in logical and predictable ways. Both logic. In its simplest sense, decision-making is the act of choosing between two or more courses of action. In the wider process of problem-solving, decision-making involves choosing between possible solutions to a problem.
Decisions can be made through either an intuitive or reasoned process, or a. Advantages and Disadvantages of Rational Decision-Making Model Introduction As an organization, every day there will be diverse of alternatives for decision makers to choose from and make the final decision%(1).