It's also a leading employer, with a reputation for treating employees well. The diversified health care giant operates in three segments through more than operating companies located in more than 60 countries. Its Medical Devices division offers surgical equipment, monitoring devices, orthopedic products, and contact lenses, among other items. Top sellers are psoriasis and arthritis drugs Remicade and Stelara.
Visit Website Johnson, who grew up poor and never attended school, was apprenticed to a tailor by his early teens. Inhe moved to Greeneville, Tennesseeand established himself as a tailor. The following year, Johnson married Eliza McCardlethe daughter of a shoemaker.
The couple had five children. Eliza Johnson helped her husband improve his rudimentary reading and writing skills, and tutored him in math. Over time, Andrew Johnson became prosperous enough to buy property and acquire several African-American slaves, who worked in his home.
Like Jackson, Johnson considered himself as a champion of the common man. A skilled orator, Johnson became mayor of Greeneville inand was elected the following year to the Tennessee state legislature, where he spent much of the s and early s.
Inhe was voted into the U. While in Congress, Johnson introduced what would become the Homestead Actwhich granted tracts of An overview of johnson and johnson public land to settlers the act finally passed in Johnson, a strong supporter of the U.
Constitutionbelieved it guaranteed individuals the right to own slaves. Johnson left Congress in to become governor of Tennessee. He vacated the governorship in to take a seat in the U. However, as some Southern leaders began calling for secession, he advocated for the preservation of the Union.
On December 20 of that same year, slaveholding South Carolina seceded from the Union.
Six more Southern states soon followed, and in Februarythey formed the Confederate States of America which would eventually include a total of 11 Southern states. Lincoln was inaugurated on March 4,and just over a month later, on April 12, the U.
That June, Tennessee voters approved a referendum to secede from the Union and join the Confederacy. Johnson, who had traveled across Tennessee speaking out against secession, was the only senator from the South to remain loyal to the Union after his state seceded. In this role, Johnson tried, with mixed success, to re-establish federal authority in Tennessee.
Lincoln defeated his opponent General George McClellan by an electoral margin ofand garnered 55 percent of the popular vote. The president and new vice president were sworn into office on March 4, Johnson, who was recovering from typhoid fever, drank some whiskey before the ceremony, believing it would make him feel better.
Instead, he gave a slurred, semi-incoherent inaugural address, leading to persistent rumors that he was an alcoholic, although he was not.
Lee surrendered his Confederate army to General Ulysses S. Granteffectively ending the Civil War. By the next morning, Lincoln was dead at age That same day, Johnson was sworn in as president at his Washington hotel by the chief justice of the U.
Supreme CourtSalmon Chase Secretary of State William Seward He granted amnesty to most former Confederates and allowed the rebel states to elect new governments. These governments, which often included ex-Confederate officials, soon enacted black codes, measures designed to control and repress the recently freed slave population.
That same year, when Congress passed the 14th Amendment granting citizenship to blacks, the president urged Southern states not to ratify it the amendment nevertheless was ratified in July The tour proved to be a failure, and the Republicans won majorities in both houses of Congress and set about enacting their own Reconstruction measures.
Hostilities between the president and Congress continued to mount, and in Februarythe House of Representatives voted to impeach Johnson. That May, the Senate acquitted Johnson of the charges by one vote. Johnson did not run for reelection in He had hoped the Democrats would choose him as their presidential nominee, but they opted instead for Horatio Seymoura former governor of New York.
That same year, he ran unsuccessfully for the U. Senate, and inlost his bid for a seat in the U. He persisted and won election to the Senate in Johnson was the only ex-president to accomplish this feat; however, his Senate tenure was brief.
He died at age 66 on July 31,after suffering a stroke while visiting family in Carter County, Tennessee. Johnson was buried in Greeneville with the American flag and a copy of the Constitution.Launched by the design house of Betsey heartoftexashop.com applying any fragrance please consider that there are several factors which can affect the natural smell of .
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