An analysis of the viking society and progress

It was in fact my lot to spend almost two decades in the Canadian Arctic, firstly on the east and west coasts of Hudson Bay, on James Bay, and then at a variety of locations largely along the lower reaches of the Northwest Passage itself.

An analysis of the viking society and progress

I am going to borrow these terms in an entirely metaphorical way to name the two fundamental forces in which I live my life as a professor of literature. The strong force is technology, not to be understood as this or that machine, or this or that branch of machinery, but as the entire organized and interdependent ensemble dictating the technicization of everyday life, from politics, economics, and bureaucratic administration, to the media, advertising, fast food, transportation, and tourism.

The technical-experimental state of mind dominates contemporary education, from the earliest grades through the university. Over the past century the technological system has gradually become so intrinsic and all-pervasive that, like the air we breathe or the purloined letter, it often seems invisible.

Either we mystify its presence as in so many Hollywood spectaculrs, or we tend to think of it as neutral, a mere means towards freely chosen ends, and not an end in itself which uses persons as its means. Technology, the strong force, is the central feature of modern life. The weak force is essentially what I like to teach, literature.

These two forces intersect in my daily life at the English department.

An analysis of the viking society and progress

Let me compare a visit to our departmental office fifteen years ago and one today. Then, there were three secretaries and seven machines typewriters, telephones, a mimeograph. Now, there are three and a half secretaries and forty-two machines word processors, copiers, printers, scanners, fax machines, portable phones, a microwave —so many machines that the office next door was taken over to house them.

Then, there were faculty gossip and the occasional discussion of literature. Then, with its casual clutter of books and some old dusty plants, the office looked like an academic department. Now, when it no longer looks like itself, it ironically looks like so much else: One morning it reminded me of the Mir Space Station, which by chance I had just seen on the news; technological society does not know the horror of mixing.

These events, I believe, are not unrelated. Technology is above all for use; if you have it, you use it. A recent faculty memorandum came to me via a fax machine from the Senate Office. It had been beamed up to a satellite a couple of hundred miles above the earth and back again; yet the Senate Office and the English department are next door to each other in the same building.

Recent Posts

I asked myself, what earlier forms of communication did such technological overkill replace: Face-to-face contact has been replaced by face-to-machine contact. People who raise the faintest objections to technology are branded as Luddites.

Technology, however, can no longer be understood in terms of single machines; it is the system in which we live and move and have our being. There is no question of "going back. I do not want to evoke pastoral nostalgia or to dream of a lost wholeness: Such indulgence may be compared to reading old travelogues about a lovely country whose face has been scored by modernity.

An analysis of the viking society and progress

Yet it may be instructive to trace the recent histories of these strong and weak forces, technology and literature, and their convergence in the present moment, though "convergence" may suggest an equality of opportunity that they do not enjoy. At a time when the humanities have suffered greatly at the hands of technological society, they are more important to our social and ethical life than ever before in human history.

Today the humanities are under attack from many quarters. Far more students take courses in behavioral psychology to learn about interpersonal elations than take courses in Shakespeare or the nineteenth-century novel.


A report in the New York Times 9 October chronicles the drop in foreign language majors from to Latin declined by eight percent, Italian by twelve, French by twenty-five, German by twenty-eight.Within the male-dominated Viking society, women had a certain amount of personal power, depending on their social status.

When Viking men were away from home—raiding, fishing, exploring or on trading missions—women in Viking society took over all the men’s work as well as doing their own. Women were valuable members of .

The possibility of life on Mars is a subject of significant interest to astrobiology due to its proximity and similarities to date, no proof has been found of past or present life on Mars. Cumulative evidence shows that during the ancient Noachian time period, the surface environment of Mars had liquid water and may have been habitable for microorganisms.

Society and Science: Home Page Dictionary People Books Web links Social Science History: Time line for the history of society, science and social science A time line from before writing began to the present, linked to Andrew Roberts' book Social Science History and to other resources, including extracts and works of authors and the timelines for crime - America - mental health - sunrise.

Viking Economics: How the Scandinavians Got It Right-and How We Can, Too [George Lakey] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Liberals worldwide invoke Scandinavia as a promised land of equality, while most conservatives fear it as a hotbed of liberty-threatening socialism.

But the left and right can usually agree on one thing: that the Nordic system is impossible to replicate. This paper examines event tourism as a field of study and area of professional practice updating the previous review article published in Tribute to Garrett Hardin by Carl Jay Bajerna - The Garrett Hardin Society - Tributes.

Yahoo ist jetzt Teil von Oath